What is Diabetes?


Diabetes is one of the most crucial twentieth century health care nightmare that is responsible for health complications for millions of people and it is one of the very few disease that in spite of widespread research all over the world for more than a century could not find any conclusive medical cure from the allopathic tradition of modern medicine except artificial insulin intake. Undoubtedly diabetes still is a big question mark to the modern health care that continuing to weave new and newer health care challenges with burgeoning complications. Diabetes in a great majority of cases does not just stop with its own complicated syndromes, but disturbs and becomes responsible for other organic malfunctions and in a short run develops other crucial diseases. Diabetes is increasingly being viewed as one of the biggest contributing factors behind many serious health complications like cardiovascular disease, kidney failure, metabolic disorder, hypertension or high blood pressure, etc. Before going on discussing on the health effects or other aspects let us look at the clinical definition of diabetes.

Clinical definition of Diabetes

Diabetes in common man's understanding is the disease of higher glucose level in the blood or high blood sugar. But more than glucose or sugar in the blood what is responsible for diabetes is the non function or malfunction in regard to the controlling role of a hormone called insulin which is responsible for checking the blood glucose level in the blood. With either absence or non production of insulin hormone or through resistance towards this hormone blood glucose level goes high it is called diabetes. The food that we eat in the metabolic order is broken into various components and the glucose that is extracted through metabolism enters your cells with the help of a hormone named insulin which is produced by the pancreatic glands. The role of insulin is to regulate the glucose level in the blood through facilitating the consumption of glucose by the body cells. Now when the pancreas either does not produce insulin at all or produces insulin that is much less than what the diabolic process requires or produces in an irregular manner leaving the glucose remain in the blood stream without being consumed, it becomes a diabetic disorder. Another way that the disease of diabetes manifests in the body when our body develops resistance to the insulin and do not let the glucose be consumed by the body cells and thus leaving the unconsumed glucose in the blood stream causes diabetes. The resistance to insulin that develops in the body and causes Diabetes can be attributed to various medical as well as lifestyle causes that we would discuss in the following discussion in detail.

Types of Diabetes

According to the different medical conditions concerning the production of insulin or body's resistance to insulin Diabetes can be differentiated into two distinct types, respectively as Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. While Type 1 diabetes is relatively uncommon, Type 2 diabetes is increasingly taking epidemic proportion all over the globe. Let us now see the clinical aspects of these two types of diabetes differently.

Type 1 Diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes though is relatively uncommon compared to the most common Type 2 diabetes; there is a huge increase in the number of victims of this diabetes, especially from the younger age group which definitely indicates to the generational transmission of the lifestyle factors responsible for contributing to diabetes in general. In the Type 1 diabetes the pancreatic beta cells in the blood which are basically responsible for production of insulin hormone gets destroyed and consequently with the absence of insulin the glucose cannot be consumed by the cells and as a results glucose level gets high in the blood stream causing diabetic syndrome. Type 1 Diabetes is mostly happened in the younger people, either in adolescents or infants or in teen aged people. A great many people all over the world belonging to younger age group suffer from this type of diabetes and for treatment of this type of Diabetes artificial insulin injection is considered almost irreplaceable.

Type 2 Diabetes:

Almost 90% percent of the diabetic population in the world suffers from Type 2 diabetes and it is by far is considered as the main form of diabetes among the various types of diabetes. The basic difference between Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes is basically the reason behind the increase of the glucose level in the blood. While in Type 1 diabetes the reason that determines diabetic condition is the complete stop in insulin production because of the destruction of beta cells in the pancreas which produce insulin, in Type 2 diabetes the reason lies mainly in the body's resistance to insulin to let it regulate the glucose level for the consumption of the body cells. In the development of Type 2 Diabetes both over production of insulin and under production of the same is important. If the pancreas for a period produces more insulin than is required this over production helps to the development of body's resistance to insulin and at the same time through this the pancreatic beta cells gets tired and as a result in a certain time do not become able to produce any more insulin and as a result glucose level gets high and causes diabetic symptoms.

Gestational Diabetes:

This is also a minor type of diabetes in comparison to the great number of people who suffer from Type 2 diabetes, but as one of the major types of diabetic medical condition we must produce a description and clinical definition concerning this type of diabetes. This is probably the only type of diabetes that can be rectified by the natural physical response over time and can automatically be cured. This type of diabetes normally happens at the period of pregnancy in women. Halfway through the pregnancy period in some women due to excessive hormone production or due to sudden fall in insulin production blood glucose level can increase and this may result in diabetic syndromes. Gestational diabetes may occur independently without any relation with the previous medical record of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes and the various contributing factors that play a huge role in causing this diabetes may include malnutrition, certain medical condition and illness, exposure to certain chemicals, viruses, drugs, surgery, etc.

General Symptoms of Diabetes

Diabetes comes with a load of symptoms that do not vary much from one type to another. Some of the most common symptoms of diabetes in all types or different medical conditions include blurred or hazy vision, excessive thirst, frequent urge or urination, dry mouth, losing west rapidly, fatigue and weakness experienced in limbs, especially in legs, blood shred from common cuts or sores taking long time to stop, common sores or cuts taking unusually long time to heal, catching some kinds of infections that cause itching sensation on the skin, having increased hunger, nausea and always feeling very lethargic and antipathetic to engage in heavy work or movement. Remember many of the diabetic symptoms can vary from one patient to another according to the level of development of diabetic conditions, but in most cases some of these symptoms would show up as infallible syndromes of diabetes.

Further health complications of Diabetes

Diabetes is one crucial disease that does not limit itself with the development of typical set of symptoms, but very fast within a short span of time develop into many other health complications and critical medical conditions that accumulatively poses great health threat and this is precisely the reason why diabetes is considered so lethal and overwhelmingly dangerous a disease.Diabetes can also be life threatening, but more than just threatening life with higher glucose level and consequent symptoms it accelerates the demise of the physical function by developing into several critical medical conditions ranging from cardiovascular diseases to sexual disorder to psychic problems.

Most important of all health complications that closely follow diabetes is the heart disease or in a broader term to say, cardiovascular diseases. People with diabetes are two times more likely to suffer from heart disease and suffer heart attack than others. Diabetes is also the leading cause of blindness for a great number of people worldwide. One of the biggest and most significant health complications that follow diabetes is the kidney failure. Nervous disorder, sexual impotence, hearing difficulties, problem in movement, arthritis, hypertension, gastric problems due to improper working of stomach muscles, psychic effects like depression, anxiety, etc. are some of the most notable health complications that develop from diabetes.

Causes and Contributory factors behind Diabetes

Diabetes is one of the few modern day crucial lifestyle oriented diseases that has a huge bearing on various other diseases or medical conditions and diabetes is probably one of the most dangerous diseases that can best be controlled and regulated with introducing changes and shifts in lifestyle better than so called curative drugs of allopathic tradition.

Food Habit:

The most important almost the primary cause as well as contributory factor that is responsible for diabetes in vast majority of cases is the food habit. Diabetes is basically is the disease concerning our diabolism or breaking down of the food components and getting energy from the food for the cells of the body. Now if your food regularly food stuff has a higher concentration of sugary substance or glucose it would definitely make the pancreatic beta cells overwork for more production of insulin hormone to check the glucose level in the blood and to reach the glucose in the body cells. This in turn would make the pancreatic cells exhausted after a certain time and your pancreatic cells are likely to stop producing insulin in such cases and this is precisely the reason behind Type 2 diabetes in most cases.

Stress and Lack of Rest:

Various medical studies all over the globe have indicated on the great role of stress, mental depression in causing or aggravating the diabetic condition. Actually people who are overstressed or suffer regularly from either mental peace or physical rest are vulnerable to pancreatic as well as diabolic malfunction which eventually can result in stopping the insulin from production and causing diabetes. This is the reason why all over the globe stress management and appropriate time of regular rest is advocated as the part of remedies for diabetes.

Obesity:

If at this point of time we can recognize few lifestyle diseases that hand in hand reaching to epidemic proportion, two of them must be obesity and diabetes. Various studies all over the globe indicated that obese or overweight people are more vulnerable to be victim of Diabetes than the people who are neither obese nor overweight. In obese people diabolic function tends to be slower making pancreatic beta cells underperform or making the pancreas work excessively leaving it exhausted to produce little insulin than required. So to fight diabetes you must consider taking all precautions from gaining weight. Consider losing weight much before diabetes makes you lose it.

Genetics:

Genetics or hereditarily acquired factors play a big role in causing diabetes, especially Type 2 diabetes. So if your parents or someone in close relation have developed diabetes there is enough to be alarmed. In many families people get diabetes as a hereditary health effect without much of a cause particularly in regard to their lifestyle. A hard work out or precautionary lifestyle consisting dietary precautions, exercises and other preventive measures following from a long time can sometimes be effective for many people who are vulnerable to develop diabetes just because the disease equally affected their grandpa and father.

Inactivity and lack of physical exercise:

In the modern time increasingly people are victims of lack of physical movement and exercise thanks to high tech life and availability of all modern living amenities. But absence of physical activity or inappropriate physical movement and activity can soon translate into gaining weight and creating diabolic problems that in eventually can develop in further medical complications like stopping or decreasing of insulin production from the pancreatic cells and thus can cause diabetic condition. People who are overweight or obese and have limited scope in their daily work schedule to do much physical work or engage in exhausting activities should spare some time of the day for physical exercise to burn the extra calorie or fat accumulating in their body, especially in their belly, because burning the fat can really be effective in making the pancreas work better to supply the desired insulin in a regulated manner.

Fat Distribution in the Body:

It is rather surprising to know but it is a long studied and proven fact that among the obese people in whose body fat is more concentrated in the belly than in the hip or thighs are more likely to develop Diabetes than the people in whose body the distribution of fat is more harmonic and well spread. So, if your belly gets bigger while gaining weight you have to be careful, then probably is the appropriate time to engage in a detailed workout for diabetes.

Old Age:

Though those days are nearly gone when the disease of diabetes was precisely considered as the old age disorder thanks to the spread of the disease in younger population because of many lifestyle factors, still older people globally are more vulnerable to diabetes than others. If you are approaching your sixties or well past that age you have to be a little more cautious of developing diabetes.

Smoking Tobacco:

Smoking tobacco is already recognized as responsible for number of chronic and critical ailments among which diabetes is one of the most critical ones. Smoking really can disrupt the pancreatic function and metabolism leaving enough risk factors for the development of diabetes.

Drinking Alcohol:

Alcoholic drinks taken on a regular basis or in a heavy quantity can really be burdensome for the diabolic process and pancreatic function and can fast contribute to diabetes. Several studies indicated that alcoholic beverages play a crucially major role in accelerating the diabetic syndromes in many people.

People diagnosed with cardiovascular diseases and high cholesterol:

Throughout the medical history it has been observed that heart and cardiovascular disorders including that of high cholesterol or high blood pressure are more vulnerable to develop diabetes than people with other diseases, because as lifestyle affected diseases they share a close proximity and contributing factors and in many cases goes hand in hand in health complications. So, if you have heart disorder or high blood pressure or narrowed blood vessel, you should be extra aware of diabetes.

Taking anti depressant and antipsychotic drugs:

This aspect probably most vividly clarifies the inherent flaws in allopathic tradition of modern drugs in treating any disease. Almost all anti depressants and antipsychotic drugs are loaded with side effects that include damage to your metabolic order or pancreas that in turn increases the risk of Diabetes. So, for your depression or other psychiatric problems other holistic medications can be better, otherwise with allopathic drugs for these psychiatric problems there is always the risk of developing diabetes.

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