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Brit docs make medical history by separating conjoined 'twins in 10 million'

London, Sun, 18 Sep 2011 ANI

London, Sept 18 (ANI): A team of British doctors has separated twin sisters who were born joined at the head, thereby making history in the medical world.


In the most successful operation of its kind ever, 11-months-old baby girls Rital and Ritaj Gaboura were separated after the last of four complex procedures at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children in London, the Daily Mail reported.


The infants were born with the tops of their heads fused - an extremely rare condition that only one in 10 million survive - by caesarean section in October 2010 in Khartoum, Sudan.


Their skulls were joined into one and, although they did not share brain tissue, they did share vital arteries and nerves.


Because there was significant blood flow between their brains, their condition was particularly complicated to treat.


Ritaj supplied half of her sister's brain with blood, while draining most of it back to her own heart and her body was, therefore, doing most of the work for both of them.


Any significant drop in blood pressure caused by surgery would have caused severe neurological damage.


However, after four months in hospital and surgery involving top specialists in craniofacial techniques, neurology, cardiology and radiology, doctors believe the babies have made a good recovery after the final operation last month.


It is so far thought they have suffered no neurological side effects, which makes the procedure the most successful ever carried out.


The girls' parents are both doctors. Their father, Abdelmajeed Gaboura, 31, is a specialist in obstetrics and gynaecology, and their mother, Enas, 27, is still in training.


"We are very thankful to be able to look forward to going home with two separate, healthy girls. We are very grateful to all the doctors who volunteered their time and to Facing the World for organising all the logistics and for paying for the surgery," the girls' parents told the paper. (ANI)


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