Aug 22: Issue of reservation in higher central educational institutions is not settled yet which was triggered by the Central Educational institutions (reservation in admission) 2006 bill providing 27% reservation to OBC’s. The bill was passed by the government along with 93 rd amendment act to enact the legislation on the same.
The story is not complete. There are various loose threads in the whole development. Since then student community did their arms up in opposition to such caste based reservation.
Issue is alive as Supreme Court is hearing petitions on the issue. Earlier Supreme Court stayed the implementation of the legislation but two days ago Supreme Court asked the petitioner what is wrong in giving 27% reservation to a population which constitutes 52% of the total population.
Before we jump to any hasty conclusion let’s consider some important aspects of the prevailing situations and different facts related to the story including the motive of government behind this piece of cake called ‘Reservation’.
Even after 60 years of independence government has failed to provide education to all even at primary level (if we leave manipulated official statistics). There is no qualitative education for the 70% of population living in villages.
One questionable aspect of the basis of reservation is who are the weaker sections? Do ‘weaker sections’ ‘backward classes’ and so called ‘lower castes’ denote the same fraction of society? This in itself a debatable issue on which none has clear cut answers.
Can each and everyone out of 52% be provided relief by 27% reservation? Who will take care of the left ones? If backward class is the same as lower caste the question arises does everyone needs this positive discrimination to rise in society. What about those 30% selections in IAS exams belonging to OBC category.
Reservation in spite of all the claims of social justice and equity seem to be a face-saving posture and a curtain to cover their failure to create the necessary and required infrastructure for the countrymen. The only solution for the problems of people with the government is to divert the opportunities instead of creating more ones. Simply government failed to cater to the needs of their countrymen and now dividing the society to save their face.
Is not this taking bread from the mouth of so called higher castes and classes and giving to the weaker ones instead of instead of preparing more?
Often the argument of social justice and social equity is forwarded by the supporters of reservation. But one question arises is reservation doing only social justice and not injustice to other section. It definitely expands the opportunity of the backward classes but other face is that it restricts those of others too.
What kind of equality they want to generate? That those who have been privileged ones should be equally at disadvantage or unprivileged ones should be equally privileged.
The quotes from Ambedkar’s speech in constituent assembly are given to support the action. He talked of contradictions of political equality and social and economic inequality. He also said that if such denial of opportunities continues then our political democracy will be in danger otherwise those who suffer from inequality will blow up the structure of democracy.
Are these words not applicable to the young generation who is frustrated at their deprivation? As this brigade is well educated, well aware, revolt may have far-reaching impact. Deprivation whether of (so-called) lower caste or upper caste creates an underneath tension in society which results in negative developments.
Our youth is ready for reservation but not caste-based but economic backwardness. Economic backwardness is something which cut across the boundaries of castes now.
Brahmins in certain areas pull rickshaws, clean toilets. They also work as coolies. Most of them work as domestic helps in Andhra Pradesh. Purohits who have public image of exploiters earn meagre income and not able to support their family and give good education to their children. Don’t they deserve state help?
Students coming from backward classes also support that instead of reservation in higher classes better training and educational facilities should be provided to the candidates. Once they enter college they become equals and they don’t need reservation at least at post graduate level.
What boils down is that reservation can not be an alternative to the need of creation of more infrastructure, more employment opportunities which will raise the economic as well as social standard of all.
Contradiction of political leadership comes to the fore when on the one side they appeal to the nation to get united, stay with harmony in society and on the other hand create such frictions on the lines of caste. They pit one section of youth against another to hide their own failure to deliver to the needs of people.
This is mainly an economic problem which is given social colours. Injustice has been done in the past to a large section of population but does that mean that present generation should be given the same treatment.
Reservation is not eradicating injustice but doing the same with the minority of upper castes. Main motive behind the lollypop of reservation is to keep their vote bank intact. Divide and rule. Glaring example may be conflict between Gujjars & Meenas in Rajasthan. Politicians put one caste against another.
If they really want to dispense social justice and equality why not to provide the support at primary and secondary level of education. Why not to ensure their entry to schools and retention. Why not to create such environment and infrastructure which enables them to generate income and raise standard of life. Some quote this debate of reservation as a class war. I think it is not. It is result of meagre resources and vast population now. It is politics.
JaiminiDecember 27, 2007 at 12:00 AM
SUNIL GUPTAOctober 11, 2007 at 12:00 AM
sanjay bansalAugust 29, 2007 at 12:00 AM
Arun JainAugust 23, 2007 at 12:00 AM
DhirajAugust 23, 2007 at 12:00 AM
rakesh guptaAugust 23, 2007 at 12:00 AM
uguguguAugust 23, 2007 at 12:00 AM
gopal nigamAugust 23, 2007 at 12:00 AM
RaoAugust 23, 2007 at 12:00 AM
SamirAugust 22, 2007 at 12:00 AM
BharaniAugust 22, 2007 at 12:00 AM