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How AI helps the world from certain calamities

New Delhi, Mon, 24 Aug 2020 Deepak Kumar

The utilization of Artificial Intelligence(AI) is expanding as innovation advances. Organizations are utilizing AI to do ordinary errands effortlessly taking out the human exertion and the chance of mistake that accompanies it. The measure of information accessible to us is bigger than any time in recent memory. These informational indexes permit scientists to comprehend the patterns a specific issue is following and create a crucial reaction to handle that issue.

From the past years, AI has set its feet immovably in our reality. Thus for many tasks where humans cannot use their own capabilities like predicting a natural disaster, AI comes into action owing to its marvelous technological development. This further helps in making this world a better protected for all the living beings.

Some of the projects that rely on AI are:

Plastic Tide

Everyone knows that plastic is non-biodegradable and harms the environment significantly. The human populace dumps around 8 million metric tons into the seas and oceans. This figure will go up to 80 million metric tons a year continuously 2025 on the off chance that we sit inactive and watch. Out all this garbage, a large chunk of it gets collected at the beds of these water bodies which deteriorates the marine as well as human life.

This is where AI helps humanity tackle this issue. Drones are used to capture images. At that point photographs are taken care of into a algorithm that attempts to perceive what is there in each picture and contrasts it from the labels of the image. Then it computes how precise its supposition is when contrasted with the real substance and changes its methods so as to improve its estimates. 

This process is performed on various occasions so as to improve the calculation forecasts and empower it to improve the picture detecting capacity. The calculation at that point separates between plastic garbage and water life. When these spots are found, the procedure to clean such zones can be started.

Regulating the spread of pandemic

In unprecedented times of a life threatening global pandemic, the essential concern is to limit the spread of the infection. Prescient investigation in the study of disease transmission utilizes AI for this. A great deal of authentic information must be provided to the AI for it to perceive examples and patterns. It then anticipates the spread by  utilizing that information with the goal that legitimate preventive measures can be embraced to limit the spread.

For the creation of vaccine, AI is used too as it can detect all the mutations. Currently with the world fighting COVID-19, a Canadian Start up known as Bluedot was the first to recognize the hazard and precisely anticipated the worldwide spread utilizing its estimate models. The Chinese giants Alibaba, too, built up an AI framework that distinguishes COVID-19 with 96% precision.

Artificial Intelligence can now help in diagnosing brain tumour

With constant improvements in artificial intelligence being made everyday, AI can now be used in the field of medicine too.

Researchers and scientists in India and Japan have come up with an exceptionally precise device that can help neurologists choose the correct plan of treatment for patients suffering from glioma brain tumour.

Glioma is a type of tumour which is common and affects the brain and the nervous system. Its symptoms include vomiting, headaches and seizures etc.

Talking about this AI, study researcher Balasubramanian Raman from the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee said “Our method outperformed other state-of-the-art approaches for predicting glioma grades from brain MRI scans. This is quite considerable.”

The disease’s treatment options include radiation therapy,  chemotherapy, targeted molecular therapy and surgery depending on the fatality the tumour. Thus, it is of utmost important to choose the right and the most effective treatment after the identification of the tumour. As a result, patients have to go through an MRI scan that reveals huge data and details about the tumour in a 3D format. Some of the details like tumour surface, shape can be missed by the naked human eye. Thus, this is where the algorithms developed by Indian and Japanese scientists come into action. It makes the entire procedure of diagnosis and detection of tumour and its severity very precise.

Usually the oncology branch follows the radiomics method to help with diagnoses but it lacks accuracy which needs to be improved.

But now, with the help of this new AI based machine which has been developed by Kyoto University’s Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS, Japan) bioengineer Ganesh Pandian Namasivayam and Indian scientist Raman; glioma can be categorised as high grade or low grade with exactness of 97.54%.

Besides this many other methods like CGHF were developed by scientists all around but none of the procedures were as error free as the one developed by Dr Ganesh & Raman.

Talking about the treatment, Ganesh Pandian Namasivayam said “We hope AI helps develop a semi-automatic or automatic machine predictive software model that can help doctors, radiologists, and other medical practitioners tailor the best approaches for their individual patients”.

Helps avoiding food crisis

Given the rate at which human population is increasing, there is surely going to be shortage of food. Thus, the poor are unable to afford food. Apart from impecunious sections of the society, natural calamities lead to shortage of food too.

As a result, AI was developed to forecast food shortages so that UN can make arrangements and ensure food security.

AI for eye treatment

Founder of Forus Health, K Chandrasekhar asked Microsoft to help by using its AI that can help prevent several eye diseases. Thus, AI is being used in the making of an eye scanning device that can help prevent many eye ailments. Therefore, both the companies have joined hands to identify diabetic retinopathy which is a retinal problem by using a quick diagnostic tool.

AI's Blood camp

Mark Zuckerberg owned company Facebook used its AI to promote blood donations in India. The blood donation center that was set up in 2018 helped innumerable people to locate blood camps, events, need of blood donors etc. This way even hospitals were benefited as they connected with blood donors quickly.

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Author: Deepak Kumar

Deepak Kumar is Science Graduate from Delhi University with more than 18 years of experience in Technical field. Currently his interest lies in researching for Media and Journalism field. He has years of rich experience in various technological fields. With a background in Science and Media field, Deepak has been offering services in the media houses and technical research. He has worked as director and chief in many companies. As a technical writer, editor and reviewer, he is offering services to many research organizations, media houses and online educational portals.

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