Washington, Jan 27 (ANI): Arctic is already suffering some of the effects that, according to The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), correspond with a "dangerous climate change," experts warn.
Currently, the rate of climatic warming exceeds the rate of natural adaptation in arctic ecosystems. Furthermore, the Eskimo population is witnessing how their security, health and traditional cultural activities jeopardize.
The researchers demand an effort in order to develop indicators that warn about these changes in good time, soften its causes, and re-enact the adaptation and recovery capacity of ecosystems and populations.
"We are facing the first clear evidence of a dangerous climate change. However, some of the researchers and some of the Media are plunged into a semantic debate about whether the Arctic Sea-Ice has reached a tipping point or not. This all is distracting the attention on the need to develop indicators that warn about the proximity of abrupt changes in the future, as well as on the policymaking to prevent them," said Carlos Duarte, CSIC researcher and author of the study.
Tipping points are defined as critical points within a system, of which future condition may be qualitatively affected by small perturbations. On the other hand, tipping elements are defined as those components of the Earth system that may show tipping signs.
According to the experts, the Arctic shows the largest concentration of potential tipping elements in Earth's Climate System: Arctic Sea-Ice; Greenland Ice-Sheet; North Atlantic deep water formation regions; boreal forests; plankton communities; permafrost; and marine methane hydrates among others.
"Due to all of this, the Arctic region is particularly prone to show abrupt changes and transfer them to the Global Earth System. It is necessary to find rapid alarm signs, which warn us about the proximity of tipping points, for the development and deployment of adaptive strategies. This all would help to adopt more preventive policies," Duarte noted.
CSIC scientist explained: "In this work, we provide evidence showing that many of these tipping elements have already started up. We also identify which are the climate change thresholds that may accelerate the global climate change. The very human reaction to climate change in the Arctic (dominated by the increase of activities such as transportation, shipping, and resource exploitation) may contribute to accelerate the changes already happening".
Scientists believe that nearly 40percent of anthropogenic methane emissions could be lessen to a zero cost or even produce a net economic benefit.
"In the large term, cutting the accumulative carbon dioxide emissions is essential to downshift the tipping elements such as the Greenland Ice-Sheet," the experts suggested. (ANI)
Read More: Greenland | North Goa | Madras Electricity System So | Perambur North | Guindy North | Saidapet North | Thygaraya Nagar North Po | Tiruvanmiyur North | Pallavaram North Gds So | Villivakkam North | North Chennai Thermal Pp | Cheyyur North | Pondicherry North | Chidambaram North Edso | Mayiladuthurai North | Tiruvarur North So | Thanjavur North Gate So | Thiruvaiyaru North So | Papanasam North | Ambalapattu North | Climate Change