India eventually taste success in getting general consensus of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) in Vienna, and is certainly a major victory without signing the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). India can continue its military nuclear programme out of the civil but need to move cautiously in extracting the most to ease the situation in power front.
India is now one of the six countries allowed to engage in nuclear commerce and to keep a separate military nuclear programme. The whole world had given its nod to India’s need viewing it as a global power and its previous uncontaminated track record being a nuclear weapon state. But here comes more responsibility in terms of US-India relations and moreover a global partnership.
This was seen by many more as a strategic alliance between US and India to counterweight China’s growing influence. And even some as a great commercial benefit to US in reviving its nuclear power through exports and with access to India’s nuclear infrastructure and technical man power.
But not all of this entirely reasonable in a view that the deal is a bad deal, India is already a self-sufficient nuclear weapon state and American pressure is no way possible to influence India’s stand in world's political scenario. The deal is undoubtedly recognition to India’s economic and strategic rise.
However, India here onwards needs to focus on its emergent needs as nuclear energy is the only alternative to meet the growing energy requirements to augment its economic growth. The domestic civil nuclear programme has to be re-established with imports of nuclear fuel as we are in dearth of uranium.
India has already attained a double-digit growth rate, however, due to power scarcity it is impossible to maintain the same for a long. Again thermal power plant and hydel power plants are not enough to meet the huge gap between demand and supply. To sustain the same economic growth, it is vital to raise production and productivity.
The Manmohan Singh government has shown a noteworthy achievement in foreign policy and diplomatic skills by bringing an end to India’s three-decade long nuclear isolation. India has made it to the key presence of International system, but it is now up to the government to make the most out of it; to stand the real proposes of fulfilling its energy requirements.