Scientists find a link between smoking and ovarian cancer
Adding to the hazards of smoking scientists have hinted at a link between smoking and ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed gynecological cancer in Australia with a five-year survival rate of only 40 percent.
Andy Lee and Colin Binns, both professors from the Curtin University's School of Public Health, participated as members of the Collaborative Group on Epidemiological Studies of Ovarian Cancer based at Oxford University. The study was funded by UK Cancer research.
The research comprised completion of two studies in China, which were fed into a pool of data totaling 28,114 women with, and 94,942 women without, ovarian cancer, says reports of The journal Lancet Oncology.
"Previously there was only a weak link between smoking and ovarian cancer, coming from a paper in 2009. This new analysis firmly establishes that relationship for one particular type of ovarian cancer, mucinoid tumours, which account for about 15 percent of the total of all ovarian cancers, "an university statement has quoted Binns as saying.
The results of study were consistent along 13 socio-demographic and personal characteristics on which the study was based. The characteristics include body-mass index, use of alcohol, use of oral contraceptives and menopausal hormone therapy.
Binns stated that more research was required to understand how smoking stimulated the creation of mucinoid tumours, but stressed the first step in prevention was for women to quit cigarettes.
"While giving up smoking is the best advice, we did find evidence that drinking green tea, breastfeeding, eating fruit and vegetables, getting regular exercise and avoiding obesity were also beneficial," he has been quoted as saying.
--with inputs from IANS
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