Breast cancer treatment occupied the medical professionals and the dedicated scientific researchers in the field of cancer for many years and in the recent years breast cancer treatments have found many scientific breakthroughs. As the disease is spreading very rapidly to encompass more larger portion of world population, especially in women and as the numerous factors in the modern life style present huge potential risk factors for the spread of the disease to almost an epidemic proportion, the treatment of breast cancer is considered to be one of the crucial points of present day medical concerns in the field of cancer. Here we would introduce some of the most important procedures of breast cancer treatments.
Surgical Treatment for Breast Cancer
Surgical treatment is one of the common options taken by the medical professional for the treatment of breast cancer depending upon the type of the disease and the stage of its malignancy. Various types of surgical treatments for breast cancer include breast conserving surgery, mastectomy, lymph node dissection, prophylactic surgery and breast reconstruction.
Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer
The chemotherapy treatment is one of the most commonly administered breast cancer treatment across the health care establishments. In the early stage chemotherapy is used to damage and destroy the cancer cells and get rid of the cancer subsequently, but if the cancer is developed to a more matured stage and become matured invasive breast cancer, then the chemotherapy is used only to destroy and damage the cancer cells as much as possible to check and control the disease from spreading to other areas as less as possible.
Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer
Radiotherapy or radiation therapy is one of the most successful breast cancer treatments for the elimination of the disease in the early stage. As the statistics go 70% of the early breast cancer cases that are considered to be recoverable do not run the risk of second time breast cancer with radiotherapy.
Hormonal Therapy for Breast Cancer
The link between hormones and the breast cancer is well known and in this respect hormonal therapy is one of the most common breast cancer treatments. This therapy as a treatment of breast cancer is only administered in hormone receptor positive type of breast cancers. The treatment is administered in two ways, by lowering the hormone estrogen in the body and by blocking the hormone estrogen in the cells of the breasts that are affected.
This type of therapies have been more popular these days with the scientific development of the modern medical science in cancer research and diagnosis, especially in the detection of certain characteristics of the cancerous breast cells that play a crucial role in the malignance of the cancer. For example a protein which is considered to be responsible for rapid growth of the cancer cells in the breast can be checked through the targeted therapy the objective of which in that particular instance is to neutralize that protein as far and as much as possible and thereby limiting the spread and growth of the cancerous cells. Targeted therapies can be of varied types which depend on the diagnosis and the state of the disease. Some of the well-known targeted therapies include Herceptin, Tykerb, Avastin, etc.
The breast cancer treatments as mentioned above only mentions the curative procedures in the allopathic tradition, though preventive and holistic medical treatment procedures can also be very beneficial as simultaneous breast cancer treatments that are devoid of any side effects.